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Spatially Integrated Social Science: Chapter 11
< Chapter 10 - Chapter 12 >

Mapping Social Exclusion and Inclusion in Developing Countries: Spatial Patterns of São Paulo in the 1990s
Gilberto Câmara, Aldaiza Sposati, Dirce Koga, Antonio Miguel Monteiro, Frederico Roman Ramos, Eduardo Camargo, and Suzana Druck Fuks

This chapter examines the use of spatial analytical techniques to explore the patterns of social exclusion for the Brazilian city of São Paulo, based on indices of social exclusion/inclusion calculated from census data. We used global and local spatial autocorrelation indices to identify clusters of social exclusion and social inclusion in São Paulo. Spatial regression techniques measured the relation between the various phenomena that comprise social exclusion, and helped establish how the conditioning factors of social exclusion vary within the city. We also used geostatistical techniques for producing surfaces of spatio-temporal trends in the evolution of crime in São Paulo. These examples show how spatial analytical techniques can enhance the understanding of social exclusion and inclusion patterns in large cities of the developing world.


Figure 11.1

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